What is the RF value and its importance in chromatography?
Explanation: When we perform basic paper chromatography on substances, we can see what the substances are composed of, and each substance will travel up to only a certain distance on the paper.
This is known as its Rf value, and is given by: Rf=distance traveled by solutedistance traveled by solvent..
Why is RF value important?
Rf value stands for the retardation factor value. It tells us how far the unknown pigment traveled in relation to the distance the solvent traveled. The Rf value is useful for scientists because it allows scientists to identify the pigment by comparing its Rf value to that of a known standard.
What does a high RF value mean?
A high Rf (Ie 0.92) would refer to a substance that is very non-polar. Ie that substance moved a 92% of the entire distance the solvent traveled. A low Rf value (0.10) would refer to a substance that is very polar.
What does RF stand for in TLC?
retention factorIn thin-layer chromatography, the retention factor (Rf) is used to compare and help identify compounds. The Rf value of a compound is equal to the distance traveled by the compound divided by the distance traveled by the solvent front (both measured from the origin).
Why is RF less than 1?
By definition, Rf values are always less than 1. An Rf value of 1 or too close to it means that the spot and the solvent front travel close together and is therefore unreliable. This happens when the eluting solvent is too polar for the sample.
What affects Rf value?
Retention Factor Rf values and reproducibility can be affected by a number of different factors such as layer thickness, moisture on the TLC plate, vessel saturation, temperature, depth of mobile phase, nature of the TLC plate, sample size, and solvent parameters. These effects normally cause an increase in Rf values.
Is a higher Rf value better?
The stronger a compound is bound to the adsorbent , the slower it moves up the TLC plate. Non-polar compounds move up the plate most rapidly (higher Rf value), whereas polar substances travel up the TLC plate slowly or not at all (lower Rf value).
What does the RF value mean?
The Rf value is defined as the ratio of the distance moved by the solute (i.e. the dye or pigment under test) and the distance moved by the the solvent (known as the Solvent front) along the paper, where both distances are measured from the common Origin or Application Baseline, that is the point where the sample is …
What is a good RF value?
A desirable Rf value lies between 0.3 and 0.7, since it is likely that other compounds present in the mixture will be visible on the TLC plate when the Rf is in this range.